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小升初语法专项训练练习题(附详细解析和答案)

来源: 日期:2017年09月26日 点击:

  

 

  小学升初英语语法专项1

  (A)1.Where _____you this morning ? I _____at a meeting .

  A. were, was B. are , am C. do , am

  解析:提问过去的事情用过去式

  (B)2.What’s the weather like today? It’s________

  A. rain B. windy C. sun

  解析:windy形容词做表语,表示阴天的,多云的

  (C)3. Does it ____in Guangzhou ?

  A. raining B. rains C. rain

  解析:Does后面的动词应为动词原形

  (A)4.You can play _____the clean dog after class.

  A. with B. in C. at

  解析:play with 和某人一起玩,固定搭配

  (C) 5.Yang Ling is good ______English, but she ______not do well in PE.

  A. in; do B. at; do C at; does

  解析:be good at 为固定搭配,she为第三人称,后接动词的三单形式

  (C)6.What's this ____ Chinese ?

  A. atB. to C. in

  解析:用什么语言,固定介词in,比如 in Japanese为用日语。该题的翻译为“这用汉语怎么说 ?”

  (B)7.Tom: Are there any students in the net bar ?

  John: Yes, there are ______ students the net bar.

  A .any B. some C. a/

  解析: students为复数,排除C,any 一般用于否定句和疑问句,some一般用于肯定句

  (C)8. ______ she go to work by bike ?

  A .Are B.Do C. Does

  解析:当主语为第三人称单数时,用does构成一般疑问句。

  (A) 9 I usually get up ______ seven o’clock in the morning.

  A .at B. on C. of

  解析:在几点,几分用介词at

  (B)10.He____ born in Beijing.

  A. is B. was C. are

  解析:出生说的是过去时,故用过去式

  (B)11.I often _____ TV on Sunday evening.

  A. see B. watch C. look

  解析:看电视为固定搭配watch TV

  (B)12.Is this your ____?

  A. a watch B. watch C. watches

  解析:根据Is this知主语是单数,排除C,限定词a的位置已经由其他的限定词your占据,选择B。

  (B)13.I visited my Mum _______ May 1st .

  A. at B. on C. in

  解析:哪一年,哪一天,哪一日,用介词on

  (A)14.His father ______ going to his school tomorrow.

  A. is B. am C. are

  解析:他的爸爸为第三人称单数,故用is

  (B)15.I’m going ________ my brother.

  A. and B. with C. or

  解析:go with和某人一起,固定搭配

  小学升初英语语法专项2

  (C ) 1.they will go there ( ) train.

  A at B on C by

  解析:乘某种交通工具用介词 by

  ( B ) 2.It’s your turn ( ) a song now.

  A sing B to sing C is sing

  解析: It’s one’s turn to do something 轮到某人做某事

  ( A ) 3.He succeeded ( ) across the river

  A in swimming B to swim C swim

  解析: succeed in doing something 成功做某事

  ( B ) 4.( )is your home from the school?----Only a few kilometers

  A How long B How far C How much

  解析:根据回答,可知是问距离,提问距离有多远用How far,提问某东西多少钱用How much,提问时间有多长用How long

  ( A ) 5.Please don’t stand behind ( )

  A me B I C mine

  解析:此时的behind 后面应该接一个宾语,me可做宾语

  ( C ) 6.I’m taller ( ) Lily

  A and B then C than

  解析: taller为比较级,比较级后面用than

  ( A ) 7.I always sing every morning but I ( ) yesterday

  A didn’t B don’t C doesn’t

  解析:由 yesterday可知为过去时,故选择A

  ( B ) 8.Look ,the boy can ( )

  A skating B skate C skates

  解析: can 情态动词后面接动词原形

  ( B ) 9.----( ),please.----It’s eight o’ clock

  A What about B What is the time C What’sthis

  解析:由后一句可知提问的是时间,故用What is the time

  ( C ) 10.My father ( ) English now

  A reads B reading C is reading

  解析: 由now可知,是现在正在发生的事情,be doing表示正发生某事

  ( B ) 11.My sister is ( )engineer,my brother is ( ) doctor.

  A a;the B an;a Ca;/

  解析: engineer 的第一个字母的发音为元音,故用an ,doctor 的第一个字母的发音为辅音,故用B

  ( B ) 12.I’sorry ,I can’t help you---Thank you( )

  A very much B all the time C at all

  解析: all the time 表示依然 还是,题目应为依然要感谢你

  ( C ) 13.---( )are you going there?---On foot

  A Why B Where C How

  解析: 由On foot可知,提问应该是你如何去那儿?如何为How

  ( B ) 14.Most of the child enjoy ( ) computer games

  A play B playing C to play

  解析: enjoy doing something 喜欢做某事

  ( C ) 15.The doctor often tells him ( ) more exercise

  A taken B taking C to take

  解析:tell sb to do something 告诉某人做某事

  

 

  小学升初英语语法专项3

  选出不同类或发音不同的一项.

  (B )  1.A apple B one C orange

  【解析】AC为水果,B为数

  (C)  2. A patato B peas C healthy

  【解析】AB表示蔬菜,C表示健康状况

  (B)  3. A ten B book C four

  【解析】AC表示数,B表示书

  (B)  4. A red B pen C black

  【解析】AC表示颜色,B表示钢笔

  (C)  5.A foot B head C book

  【解析】AB表示身体部位,C表示书

  (C) 6. AbookB ruler C nose

  【解析】AB表示学习用品,C表示身体部位

  (A) 7. A purple B finger C foot

  【解析】A表示颜色,BC表示身体部位

  (B) 8. Aorange B monkey C yellow

  【解析】AC表示颜色,B表示动物

  (C) 9.A panda B bird C hot day

  【解析】AB表示动物,C表示热天气

  (B) 10. A milk B French fries C water

  【解析】AC表示固体,B表示液体

  (A ) 11. A balloon B eight C two

  【解析】A为气球,BC表示数

  (B) 12. A bread B cheap C weather

  【解析】AC中ea发/ e/ B 中ea发/ i:/

  (A) 13. A dog B old C no

  【解析】A中o发/C/,BC中o发/eu/

  (A) 14. A use B sun C cup

  【解析】A中u发/ju/,BC中u发/︿/

  (C) 15. A cook B book C noodle

  【解析】 AB中oo发/u/, C中oo发/u:/

  小学升初英语语法专项4

  (C)1.The red bag is ___,but it’s ______than the green one.

  A. big, small B. heavier ,light C. cheap , nicer

  解析than 可知,为比较级,红包便宜,但是比那个绿色的好看

  (A)2._______pens do you have ? I have nine.

  A. How many B. How much C. How old

  解析nine可知,此题是问多少,用How many .

  (B)3.Mr Guo usually _____shorts in July.

  A. wear B. wears C. wearing

  解析Mr Guo为第三人称,后接动词要动词的第三人称单数形式,即三单形式,故选B。

  (B)4. I ____at a green light .

  A. mustn’t walk B. can walk C. must stopping

  解析a green light是绿灯,绿灯行,故B

  (A)5. Let’s _____with the computer ,tom.

  A. play B. plays C. playing

  解析Let’s do something 让我们做某事吧,故A

  (A)6.Don’t talk _______class.

  A. in B. at C. on

  解析in class固定搭配,在教室内

  (B)7.Li Lei _____like fish , but his sister likes.

  A. don’t B. doesn’t C. aren’t

  解析Li Lei为第三人称单数,否定用doesn’t

  (A)8.My sisters ______play basketball after school.

  A. don’t B. doesn’t C. aren’t

  解析My sisters为第三人称复数,去掉B项,又因为play为原型,所以选择A

  (C)9._____your grandma and grandpa come from china ? Yes , they _______ A. Do, does B. Does ,does C. Do , do

  解析grandma and grandpa为第三人称复数,故C

  (C)10. Don’t ____in class. Let’s ______to the teacher.

  A. talking, listening B. talks, listens C talk , listen

  解析Don’t后接动词原型,Let’s接动词原型,故C

  (C)11.Is she ____TV now?

  A. watch B. washing C. watching

  解析now知为正在进行时,用动词的ing形式

  (B)12.____ I speak to Ann, please? ______

  A. Can , no B. May , of course C. Must , ok

  解析May提问语气较为委婉,故B

  (C)13. I ____to the tape yesterday evening.

  A. look B. listen C .listened

  解析 由yesterday evening可知,事情为过去发生的,要用动词的一般过去式

  (A)14. I have a ____coat, my brother has an____ jacket.

  A. new ,old B. clean , dirty C. big small

  解析 两个关键词为a an ,元音前用a,辅音前用an

  小学升初英语语法专项5

  (C )1. It is evening.The girl's shadow is ______.

  A small B.short C.long

  【解析】shadow汉语意思为影子,这句话的翻译应为:傍晚,这位姑娘的影子很长,故选C

  (B ) 2. The ______ are behind the cat.

  A mouse B.mice C.mouses

  【解析】由are知用mouse得复数形式,为mice

  (C )3. Miss Li ______ a bag. I ______a sketch book.

  A.have,has B.is ,have C.has,have

  【解析】Miss Li为第三人陈单数,她有一个包,用实义动词has,故C

  ( A)4. The pair of glasses ______ in my handbag.

  A .is B.are C.am

  【解析】The pair of glasses为眼镜的整体表示,故用单数A

  ( B) 5. I can't see______durians,but l can see ______pineapples.

  A.some,some B.any,some C.any,any

  【解析】any用于否定句,some用于肯定句

  ( C) 6. Eric _______ his bicycle to the shop now.

  A.rides B.ride C. is riding

  【解析】now 说明为正在进行时,故C

  ( C)7. ______ are your English books ? Eighteen yuan.

  A.what B.How many C.How much

  【解析】由Eighteen yuan可知是提问价格的,提问价格用How much

  ( B) 8.Mary and Kitty are ______ awake in their bedroom.

  A.all B.both Ctwo

  【解析】两个人都怎么的都用both

  ( A) 9.Let's draw a ______ face.

  A.cat B.cats C.cat's

  【解析】画猫脸直接用a cat face

  ( B) 10.Mog ______ like his cushion.It's very hard.

  A.don't B.doesn't C.isn't

  【解析】Mog为第三人称单数形式,like为实义动词,前面用助动词,故B

  ( B) 11.Are the drinks ______ or different? They're different.

  A.same B.the same C.some

  【解析】the same 为相同的,故B

  (B ) 12.There ______ some bread and some apples on the tables.

  A.is B.are C.be

  【解析】有some 知用are

  ( B) 13. Four girls and a boy ______ a computer in our class.

  A.have got B.has got C.are

  【解析】英语中有就近原则,动词以a boy为主语,故B

  ( A) 14. We go to the toy shop at five ______ twelve in the afternoon.

  A.past B.to C.too

  【解析】past表示没过半小时的时间,故A

  (A ) 15. _______ you ______ your homework last evening? Yes.

  A.Did,do B.Do,do C.Do ,did

  【解析】evening知为过去式,应对助动词用过去式,故A

  

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